female genitalia , uterus , fibroid uterus , menstruation , foundation
|Humans have reproductive genitals, which are different in males and females. The first part of a woman’s genitals is hair, which is called pubic hair. These hairs surround the female genitalia from all sides. An organ on the upper side which is in the shape of an inverted V is called the clitoris and the clitoris. This part is very sensitive. There is a small opening below the clitoris which is the urethra.|
Texture Of The Uterus
The texture of the uterus is 7.5 cm long, 5 cm wide and its wall is 2.5 cm thick. Its weight is about 35 grams and its shape is like the size of a pear. Whose wide part above is called fundus and thin part below is called isthmus. In women, it lies between the urinary bladder and rectum and is called anteverted when the uterus is tilted forward or retroverted when it is at the back. The tilt of the uterus has no effect on childbirth.
The upper wide part of the uterus is called body and the lower part is called the narrow part neck or isthmus. The isthmus opens down into the vagina. This region is called Aus. It is 1.5 to 2.5 cm large and made of solid muscles. As pregnancy progresses, the size of the uterus increases to reach the woman’s ribs. Also, the walls of the uterus become thin.
Which Organs Are Included in the female genitalia?
The female reproductive system consists of primary as well as accessory sex organs. The primary sex organ is a pair of ovaries. Accessory sex organs include the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, and vagina.
What is the primary genitalia in females?
Primary gonads are those organs in which sex hormones and gametes are produced. For example, testes and ovaries. While hormones and gametes are not produced in the secondary reproductive system, rather it carries the gametes. For example, genitals, uterus, vagina etc.
How many uteruses do women have?
In a female fetus, the uterus begins as two small tubes. As the embryo develops, the fallopian tubes normally join to form a large, hollow organ – the uterus. However, sometimes the tubes don’t connect completely. Instead, each develops into a separate structure.
Uterine muscle (process)
There are two types of distribution of the muscles of the uterus of women. According to the first distribution, long muscles and second are called curved muscles. The expansion of the uterus during pregnancy and the long muscles at the time of child birth work mainly. The sphincter muscles help contract the uterus after childbirth and stop the flow of blood.
Where is the ovary?
Females have ovaries on either side of the uterus. It is about 3.5 cm long and 2 cm wide in the shape of an almond. Above this are the nerves of the fallopian tubes which attract the eggs towards them. The color of the ovaries is pink. With ageing, it becomes light white in color. In old age, it shrinks and becomes small.
Their main function is to make eggs and make stimulating fluid and hormones. The main hormones of the ovaries are estrogen and progesterone. Which does not have any work before menstruation (menstruation) is established. But after menstruation, eggs are formed and released every month, which get pregnant with sperms.
The fallopian tubes or fallopian tubes emerge from both sides of the upper part of the uterus and go to the hip bones on both sides. Their length is about 10 cm and thickness is about half a cm long. Its shape is like a funnel on both sides.
The last end of this funnel is towards the long fingers, which are called nerves. Their main function is to surround the egg released from the ovaries and send it to the ducts. These tubes are made of muscles, and their inner wall is made of a membrane called mucus membrane.
Eggs caught by the ovaries stop in the front part of the ducts. Where it combines with the male sperm to create a new life. This structure in female reproductive organ is called zygote. A special layer is produced around the zygote.
How big is the mouth of the uterus?
In the last month of delivery, the opening of the uterus is 8 to 10 cm. Me means 3 to 4 inches opens.
Journey of sperms
The journey of sperms in the uterus is about 23 cm long. Sperms of a man enter the uterus of a woman in the amount of about four hundred crores. Three fluids namely testicular, prostatic and seminal vesicle are found in the semen of men.
The seminal vesicle fluid found in men’s semen helps the male sperms to survive. The semen of a man changes into water in about 15 minutes. The environment of the vagina is like acid. In this environment, the sperm of a man cannot survive and gradually starts getting destroyed. Some sperms of the male enter the “cervical canal”. The environment of the cervical canal is saline (alkaline).
About 8 to 10 percent of the spermatozoa pass through this environment and meet the egg after crossing the tubes and coming to the last edge. In this process only about 1500 to 2000 sperms reach the edge of the tubes.
How does the union of the sperm and the egg take place?
Life can be created from only one sperm of a man. Male has three parts of sperms.
The spermatozoa of males reach the ovum of the female by swimming in the seminal vesicle fluid with the help of tail. After meeting with the female ovum, the head of the spermatozoa tears the membrane of the female egg and enters it and the neck and tail of the spermatozoa remain outside. When the ovum and spermatozoa of men and women meet together, a zygote is born. After the particles of the qualities of a man and a woman get mixed with each other, it starts increasing. Increasingly they make 2 to 4, 8, 16, 32 cells. This cell takes the shape of a child after growing like this for 265 days.
The day a woman begins to menstruate. From that day onwards they leave the task of counting it to other people. Menstruation in women depends on family environment, country, season etc. In hot and humid areas of our country, menstruation (menstruation) in girls starts at the age of 10 to 12 years. And in cold countries, this menstruation comes at the age of 14 or 15 years. This process lasts for about 45 – 50 years.
In women, from the age of 10-14 years, stimulating fluid ‘hormones’ start coming out in the ovaries. These hormones are called estrogen hormones. Due to the release of these hormones, the size of women’s breasts starts increasing. And gradually they continue to develop. By the age of 18, the body of girls is fully developed. After this, accumulation of fat in the body of women, development of body, development of hair, development and growth of uterus in the uterus, development of genitals, Enlargement of tubes and coming of menstruation after each month become the main identification. Menstruation in women is irregular in the beginning. It takes several months for menstruation to become regular. But no treatment is required for regular menstruation. Gradually, menstruation automatically starts happening regularly in women.
How is the structure of bones maintained in women?
Nature has specially created the bones of women’s body so that women can easily give birth to a child. The hip bone of women has a greater gap than the hip bone of men. The hip bones of women are apple-shaped and those of men are heart-shaped. Hip bones are mainly made up of three types of bones. sacrum to the posterior bone,
The bones on both sides are called ilias and the front bone is called pubis. Beneath the sacrum is a pointed tail-shaped bone called the coccyx. The main function of the hip bones is to provide enough space for the hip muscles, organs and for the birth of the child. When women give birth to a child at the time of delivery. At that time each joint opens and loosens to give more space so that women can easily give birth to a child.
The birth canal is wide at the back and narrow at the front. At the time of delivery, the baby first comes straight down in the hip bones. Then after turning at an angle of 90 degrees the child is born.
The path of childbirth is from the upper surface to the lower surface of the hip bones. This path is wide towards the back and small towards the front. In order for the child to be born, the bones of the hip first have to descend straight down. Then after turning at an angle of 90 degrees the child is born. Nature has made it easy for women to give birth to a child by providing this angle, otherwise the child may fall straight downwards as soon as it is born. The muscles of the birth canal are stronger in the front. These muscles help in childbirth and the back and bottom muscles are weaker than the front muscles.
The lower back is made up of muscles and tendons. The lower part of the hip extends from the sacrum bone to the pubic symphysis. In this, through the stool, urine door and genital door open. It controls all the abdominal organs and the muscles prevent the abdominal organs from coming down during cough and sneeze. This muscle stops the anus at the time of constipation in women. These muscles are called levator ani. Women’s vaginal muscles take a special form at the time of child. The muscle fibers join together to form a smooth passageway that allows more space for the baby at birth.
The bones of the head of the child have a special role at the time of birth. There is a little space between the bones of the head. At the time of child birth, the bones of the head climb on top of each other, due to which the child is born easily and easily. The birth canal is about 10 cm wide while the baby’s head is only 9.5 cm. Due to this delivery becomes easy. If the size of the child’s head and child is more or the size of the hip is small, then in such a situation, an operation may have to be done for the birth of the child.
The triangle part between the two legs of women is also called Mooladhara or Paranium. The paranium body is in front of the anus and behind the genitals. In this, all the muscles of the lower part of the hip join together. It varies from person to person. In some it is weak and in some it is more powerful. In this way, the back and bottom wall of the paranium is supported by the genital opening.
During sexual intercourse, the paranium keeps the genital opening from behind. With increasing age, it becomes weak. Due to the accumulation of muscles around the hip here, the disease or pus can spread all around. Before the birth of a child, the birth canal is made wide by cutting it from here. So that more and more space can be obtained at the time of child birth and there is no need to do much fiddling for the birth of the child. After delivery, stitches are applied in these muscles which is called episiotomy.
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Posted by docter vicky
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